October's child is born for woe,
And life's vicissitudes must know
But lay an Opal on her breast,
And hope will lull those woes to rest.
~Traditional English Proverb
In some Saxon calendars, allegorized by the figure of a husbandman carrying a sack on his shoulders, sowing corn.
In other old calendars, the sport of hawking is represented.
The month for making beer, wine, cider, because of steady
Sacred to Goddess Astraea, daughter of Zeus and Themis. She lived among humans in the Golden Age but when civilization deteriorated she withdrew to the upperworld.
This is the Irish month of Deireadh Fomhair. The Frankish name, Windurmanoth, means `vintage month'. American backwoods: Hunter's Moon. Asatru name: Hunting.
Weather lore of October (Northern Hemisphere): the more bright red berries (haws and hips) that can be seen in the hedgerows, the more frost and snow there will be the next Winter.
The second `Summer' in October is called Indian Summer in America, St Bridget's Summer in Sweden; in Italy, the Summer
of St Teresa; in Germany and Switzerland, the Summer of St Gall. In England, it is called St Luke's Summer.
Much rain in October said to correspond with much rain in December.
A warm October makes a cold February.
If October bring much frost and wind,
Then are January and February mild.
~Traditional English weather proverb
In October dung your field,
And your land its wealth shall yield.
~Traditional English proverb
Birth flowers: Calendula and cosmos.
Birthstone: Opal, signifying hope. Said to bring bad luck to those not born in this month who wear it.